Monday, October 5, 2015

Summary Response Outline of Act 5 of Othello

  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea: Act five of the play “Othello”, by William Shakespeare, correctly depicts how betrayal invades one’s mind.
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas: Throughout the play, Iago is wrecking everyone’s lives because he felt betrayed by Othello, but he’s not the only one. Othello is rage driven by the possibility that the two most important people in his life have a possibility of an affair; he even strangled his wife in an “avenging” act. Emilia, hearing her dying mistress, instantly accuses Othello of murdering her when even Desdemona dictates his innocence.
  • Explanation of ideas: All of the people who acted out of emotion have one thing in common, betrayal
    • Concluding sentence: restate main idea: The fifth act of William Shakespeare’s “Othello” clearly illustrates the emotional power of betrayal.
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  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and _____________: The final act of “Othello” by William Shakespeare presents how profoundly betrayal by can affect the actions of people.
  • Claim 1:
  • Set-up: Right after Roderigo is killed and Cassio is very wounded, Othello retreats to his bedroom where earlier he had sent his wife. Fueled by the so called anger of betrayal, he awakes her and proceeds to tell her to admit her sins. She claims to be faithful and tells him that Cassio must have just found her handkerchief.
  • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       ): Angrily, he responds, “Yes, presently: Therefore confess thee freely of thy sin; For to deny each article with oath; Cannot remove nor choke the strong conception That I do groan withal. Thou art to die” (Shakespeare 5.2.3364-3368)
  • Explanation of quotation to prove claim: Othello is telling her that the betrayal of her oath and denying of her sins is a crime that should be punished by death. He, being fueled by betrayal, refused to listen to Desdemona.
  • Counterclaim 1: However, ....
  • Set-up: However, one could say that jealousy mainly fuels the actions of the characters.
  • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       ): Iago convinces Roderigo that the way to capture Desdemona’s heart is to end Cassio. Roderigo, jealous of anyone who has a better love life with Desdemona than him, agrees to this plan, and decrees, “I have no great devotion to the deed; And yet he hath given me satisfying reasons:'Tis but a man gone. Forth, my sword: he dies” (Shakespeare 5.1.3144-3146).
  • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim: Roderigo explains since Cassio has Desdemona’s heart, he has given him a reason to kill him. Roderigo is acting upon his jealousy.
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument?
  • Many may believe that jealousy is the main stimulus, but that is not the case. If Othello was jealous of Cassio, he probably would have rathered kill Cassio with his own two hands rather than Desdemona, but he didn’t, instead he let Iago kill Cassio and killed Desdemona himself, proving he was hurt worse  from Desdemona than Cassio. To Othello, the betrayal hurt more than jealousy.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea: William Shakespeare's “Othello” Act Five proves that betrayal dominates one’s life.