Summary Response Outline
- Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
In the second act of the play Othello penned by William Shakespeare, causes the reader consider the fact of how jealousy can rule one’s life and actions.
- Supporting ideas and explanations to prove main ideas
Iago, one of the main characters is portrayed as someone who is able to manipulate people into thinking the worst of everyone. He does this because Othello who is a “moor” had made Cassio, a great arithmetic who isn’t a soldier, his lieutenant. As the audience later sees, Iago uses Roderigo, and his wife Emilia as chess pieces in his master plan to get revenge on Othello. Iago is not willing to stop until he has made not only to remove Cassio from his position, but to make Othello’s wife look dishonest and unfaithful.
- Concluding sentence: restate main idea
After watching and reading the second act of Othello drafted by William Shakespeare captures the fact that jealousy is able to rule one’s life and actions if they allow it to.
- Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb,correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays___________ because ___________ .
The second act of Othello written by William Shakespeare, precisely identifies that jealousy can rule one’s life, because Iago wastes all his time destroy everyone’s life using exact detail.
- Claim 1:
- Set-up Once everyone is in Cyprus, Iago and Cassio are assigned to guard-duty. They have time before they are expected to report, and Iago plans how to get Cassio to ruin his reputation. Before he left, Cassio had just revealed to Iago he is a lightweight drinker.
- Evidence: Lead-in “ quotation” (Shakespeare 1.2.13-17). Iago plots, “ If I can fasten but one cup upon him, With that which he hath drunk tonight already, He'll be as full of quarrel and offence As my young mistress' dog. Now, my sick fool Roderigo, Whom love hath turn'd almost the wrong side out, To Desdemona hath tonight carous'd Potations pottle-deep; and he's to watch: Three lads of Cyprus, noble swelling spirits, That hold their honors in a wary distance, The very elements of this warlike isle, Have I tonight fluster'd with flowing cups, And they watch too. Now, 'mongst this flock of drunkards, Am I to put our Cassio in some action That may offend the isle.—But here they come:If consequence do but approve my dream, My boat sails freely, both with wind and stream” (Shakespeare 2.3.49-66).
This explains to the audience that Iago means to embarrass Cassio in front of everyone by using his alcohol weakness. If his plan goes correctly Iago’s dream of becoming lieutenant will be fulfilled.
- Explanation of quotation to prove claim: explain quote, connect to claim
- Counterclaim 1: However, ....
However, one can argue that Iago cares for the people and has a feeling of remorse.
After Cassio is removed from his position people can clearly see that Iago seems to be trying to help Cassio find a way to regain Othello’s praise.
- Evidence: Lead-in “ quotation” ( )
As the audience can see, Iago is able to care for Cassio and is trying to help him get Othello’s praise back. As Iago speaks to Cassio he says “I protest, in the sincerity of love and honest kindness” (2.3.346-347).
- Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim: explain quote, connect to claim
This quote shows that Iago cares for Cassio and believes that he is honest and loving. Iago can be seen as remorseful and caring for the people that he tries to ruin their lives.
- What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? (use rebuttal progression language)
1st step: Describe a "naive response" or an opposing interpretation of your position. A "naive view" is a view that you personally disagree with or a view that misses something important. But don't use the word "naive." Say something like…
At first glance people may think that Iago is having a prick of remorse for those that he is trying to ruin.
2nd step: Briefly explain the logic or reasoning of this "naive view." Answer the question, "Why would someone think this way? Why would they find their answer or solution logical or reasonable?" Why did I think this way? Say something like...
We cannot deny that Iago is called honest and good, so some may say that Iago is not as evil as he may seem.
3rd step: Provide a transition that indicates that you are going to contrast this "naive view." Say something like...
However, it is more complicated than that. When the reader closely examines the facts, they can see that Iago has many “masks” to wear when around a certain person. For example, with Othello he seems to speak only the truth and manipulates Othello into thinking the worst of Cassio by his words. Cassio believes Iago to be good and honest because he honestly thinks that Iago is trying to help him gain Othello’s praise once again. Iago’s jealousy for Cassio, drives Iago to using everyone he sees as a chess piece and how he can use them to ruin everyone’s life.
- Concluding sentence: restate main idea